Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes <p style="text-align: justify;">Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology is a refereed journal published in print as well as online that aims to be a discussion forum for scholars interested in theoretical and empirical issues in socio-economic studies, with a particular emphasis on questions related to Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology seeks articles that focus on theoretical and empirical aspects of socio-economic transformations and current socio- economic reality. WFES is published at the Warsaw School of Economics but is international as far as authors and readers are concerned.&nbsp;</p> SGH Publishing Unit en-US Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology 2081-9633 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. All authors agree for publishing their email adresses, affiliations and short bio statements with their articles during the submission process.</p> From Industrial Democracy to Political Democracy in Poland: on The Rise and Fall of Solidarity https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/545 <p>The paper looks at the evolution of the institutions of industrial democracy, which would be changing from the Leninist-model into a substitute of political democracy, and subsequently into a central feature of the post-Communist and post-Solidarity order. The process contradicted the usual chain of events observed in the democratic world: as a rule, the institutions of political democracy define the boundaries for industrial democracy can, while in Poland the process went exactly into opposite direction. Following emergence of political democracy institutions, industrial democracy imploded. The paper also explores contexts of the aforementioned evolution: its historical-intellectual background and external factors such as collapse of Communism and subsequent developments. Finally, the paper deals with challenges brought about by the post-Communist transformation and then by the transformations generated mainly by the international context.</p> Witold Morawski Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 7 24 Changing Narratives: Civil Society as a Condition of Balanced Governance in Contemporary Taiwan https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/546 <p>The article delivers an extensive view on the genesis and development of civil society in Taiwan, and presents the results of the analysis of a role that civil society in Taiwan plays in the shaping of institutional order, co-governance (local and national), the intermediation and representation of the individual (also summed in group interest) as well as the public interest in relation to the other actors of the social system (the state, the market and family). Taiwanese socio-political transformation is a model example of the transition from authoritarian rule into a democratic system. Conglomeration of socio-economic prerequisites lays as the basis for specific political culture of Taiwanese society, which not only has a significant impact on the participation of different groups of citizens in the public sphere, on their position in the social and civil dialogue, but primarily on their relationships with state institutions.</p> Artur Kościański Chia-Ming Chang Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 25 46 Who Protests and Why? The Impact of Socio-Economic Status on Protest Participation in Taiwan https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/547 <p>In recent years, protest activities happened frequently in Taiwan. These protests have had profound conseąuences and changed the landscape of Taiwanese politics. Therefore, it is important to know who protests and why these people protest. This paper aims to answer two questions. First, what kind of people (according to their Socio-Economic Status, SES) is more likely to participate in protest? Second, how does SES influence protest participation? Our hypotheses are drawn from grievance theories, resources model and cultural change theory. We hypothesize that in Taiwan, people with higher SES tend to join in protest. The mechanisms are material condition, civic skills, and the value of post- materialism. Empirically, taking advantage of the World Values Survey 2010-2012, we use confirmatory factor analysis to construct an indicator of SES including education, income, and class. Then, we conduct structural equation modeling to test the mechanisms through which SES exerts influences. We find that in Taiwan, people with higher SES are more likely to protest. Moreover, civic skills are the most important mechanisms. Material condition also has a positive effect. Although the value of post- materialism can influence protest participation, whether people hold this value is unrelated to their SES.</p> Jun-deh Wu Yi-bin Chang Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 47 74 Economic or Social Capital? Uberisation as an Exemplification of the Rent Gap Theory on the Example of Poland https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/548 <p>The article is focused on the phenomenon of the so-called uberisation (uber economy) process, which combines technological innovations with precarious workforce management techniques in urban environment. The main aim of the paper is to describe and explain this problem in the perspective of the Neil Smith's rent gap theory on the examples of Airbnb and Uber internet platforms and to present their impact on Polish urban areas. The article uses source literature as well as public and commercial databases and reveals that the presence of global sharing economy platforms at the local level is to the existence of economic capital rather than social, even if very often it is perceived in the opposite way.</p> Łukasz Drozda Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 75 85 Nationality of Poland's Exports https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/549 <p>ln this paper, we analyse the materiał structure of Polands exports of goods to the European Union and to the United States. In a general presentation of Polish exports, we aggregate all other trade partners than the EU and the U.S. to the 'Rest of the World' (RoW). We use descriptive statistics to check whatgoods are subject to export from Poland. We analyse data on various levels of aggregation. We prove that Polish exports aggregated to the CN sections and HS2 product groups to both destinations seem to be of higher technological advancement than export disaggregated to the HS6 product classification. On the higher level of aggregation, the material structure of Polands exports to the EU and the U.S. look more similar than those analysed on the more disaggregated level. We look at the material structures of exports to both partners from the point of view of the producers as well. We study Poland's exports of goods to the EU and the U.S. based on the HS6 classification and analyse the leading producers of the most important goods in sales to both partners. We show that most of them are affiliates of the foreign companies.</p> Elżbieta Czarny Katarzyna Śledziewska Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 87 108 It is better to Remain Small and Invisible. Informal Barriers to the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises in Belarus Part II https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/550 <p>This paper is focused on informal relations between state authorities and business, which exist in a peculiar Belarusian economic system, where the competition remains restricted, and the public sector based on large companies continues to play a crucial role. The author argues that the Belarusian public authorities have developed a broad set of informal rules which allow them to extract resources from small and medium private enterprises (SMEs) and control the expansion of the private sector. He also argues that as long as informal extractive institutions designed and maintained by the state remain in place, the improvement of formal business regulations alone will not produce the expansion of the SME sector. In authors opinion, an extra-legal extraction of funds and informal discrimination against small and medium private enterprises are embedded in the logic of the centrally planned economy, which Belarus has preserved after the fall of the Soviet Union. This paper may also help to understand how SMEs operate in many other economies of the post-Soviet area and what obstacles to the development they face.</p> Aliaksandr Papko Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 109 135 Book review: Rafał Woś, To nie jest kraj dla pracowników (No country for workers) https://econjournals.sgh.waw.pl/wfes/article/view/551 <section class="article-main"> <div id="summary" class="article-summary"> <div class="article-abstract"> <p>no abstract</p> </div> </div> </section> <section class="article-more-details"></section> Magdalena Andrejczuk Copyright (c) 2017 Warsaw Forum of Economic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 8 16 136 141