Analiza dostosowania polityk publicznych w reakcji na COVID- 19 w krajach rozwijających się. Studium przypadku Pakistanu

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Usman W. Chohan

Abstrakt

Pandemia COVID-19 postawiła duże wyzwania polityczne przed krajami rozwijającymi się, w których zasoby operacyjne i możliwości polityczne są ograniczone. Jednak niektóre z tych krajów radzą sobie lepiej niż inne i wydaje się, że część tego sukcesu można przypisać wykorzystaniu ostrożnych instrumentów polityki publicznej w ramach spójnych kombinacji interwencji publicznych. W niniejszym artykule przedstawiono studium przypadku dotyczące pandemii COVID-19 w Pakistanie i rozważono następujące aspekty kombinacji polityki publicznej: 1) polio i infrastruktura wsparcia obszarów wiejskich wdrożona w celu wykrywania COVID-19 oraz budowania świadomości na ten temat; 2) utworzenie krajowego operacyjnego centrum dowodzenia w celu scentralizowania procesu decyzyjnego prowadzonego w czasie rzeczywistym; 3) wykorzystanie największego programu wspierania dochodów do zorganizowania pomocy dla ubogich; 4) optymalnie ukierunkowane (inteligentne) lockdowny. Wyniki badania sugerują, że kraje rozwijające się - pomimo ograniczonych zasobów - mogą odpowiednio zareagować na pandemię poprzez dostosowanie istniejących instrumentów politycznych i stworzenie nowych w ramach spójnej kombinacji polityki publicznej.

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Chohan, U. W. (2022) „Analiza dostosowania polityk publicznych w reakcji na COVID- 19 w krajach rozwijających się. Studium przypadku Pakistanu”, Studia z Polityki Publicznej, 9(2(34), s. 9-30. doi: 10.33119/KSzPP/2022.2.1.
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